Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of regular, unprotected sex. This span is shortened to six months if the woman is over the age of 35. Women who can become pregnant but are unable to sustain the pregnancy may also considered be infertile. Approximately a third of infertility cases originate with the man, another third from the woman. The other cases may be due to problems with both partners, or due to an unknown cause.
Female Infertility Causes.
Male Infertility Causes.
There are many treatments available for infertility. Basic screening is usually performed first - physical exams, sperm studies, ovulation tests and ultrasounds. After analysis of these tests, the doctor will make recommendations for treating the problem. This may include timing sexual activity, medication, or surgery.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.
IUI provides the sperm an advantage by giving it a head start, but still requires a sperm to reach and fertilize the egg on its own. It is a less invasive and less expensive option compared to in vitro fertilization.
Steps in IUI treatment